Biology has placed certain constraints on human brains as to how large can our social circle be.

This was a research carried out by Robin Dunbar, in a mind boggling revelation about human brain and their social circle.

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Dunbar’s Number – states that a person can maintain only 150 stable relationships with other humans during a certain phase of life.

The concept applies to every sphere of human life, be it professional or personal. We are a social species and everything we do boils down to where we want to be in this society. The ultimate goal is to stabilize the coefficient of social relationships.

And where and how does this process initiate? Dunbar’s theory inspires us to question the very basis of today’s institutional architecture. The place where the process of social interaction begins for a human, seconds the value of it to academics.

The Basis of Dunbar’s Number Theory

The members of primate group manifest a relationship between the size of their brain and the size of their social circle.

There is a pattern when it comes to the primate group. It follows a grouping of 150 people with whom we feel a sense of trust and obligation. Technically these are more than just names and faces to us.

There are species of animals that are not as intensively social as the humans. The research brings out a relation between the size of the brain and their affinity towards intensive, steady relationships. It turns out as we all know; human relationships are very demanding for a reason.

The research was co-related to hunter gatherer communities where the communities were grouped into a number of 150.

Explains why one person cannot govern a country all by himself. There is a pronounced need of advisories and sub governing bodies to simplify the process.

The Fate of Teachers in Current Educational Scenario

Now think about how it can address the issues in today’s educational system.

If we consider a teacher has seven classes in one day, each with a capacity of 40 students.

She encounters over 200 students in a day.

Considering the Dunbar’s theory, it is practically impossible for the teacher to know the cursory details of each student. Even in the rarest of the cases, if the teacher manages to remember all these details, it is unquestionably out of her capacity to connect with these many students on a personal level.

There can be an outlook where in the need for this inherent connection might forever be locked in a dispute.  Except, certain prerequisites of healthy education can never be over looked for obvious reasons.

Teacher’s Attention means a lot to Students

It is unfortunate that present educational structure prioritizes academic growth over a wholesome physical, emotional and spiritual development.

For starters, establishing a stable connection at individual level is essential to comprehend the demands that account for an exponential graph of academic performance.

A teacher has to work out the math of the overall grasping potential that comes from interacting with each student closely. This helps her tailor her lessons and curricular planning to fit the frequency of each child in the class. A slight variation or peak in momentum of lesson advancement could leave a void and cause the student to lag for the rest of the classes.

Classroom activities can be planned keeping in mind the strengths and weaknesses of each student giving a sense of responsibility to all.

A lot of us might argue on the idea of tweaking curriculum to fit the needs of individual comfort. However if we are failing to consider the principle of diversity whilst deciding the procedures to evaluate a set of pupils, it could turn out to be a big bias in the favor of few.

Now Looking at it from a Student Perspective!

Developing a relationship with an authoritative figure other than the parent is the next step in the life of a child’s development. It helps them determine their personality and stem the process of social evolution.

In other words, the student-teacher relationships mark the first step in the social progression of the child.

Studies have gone to prove that emotional intelligence of children has seen a huge rise when nurtured in a structured and organized environments.

Given the scenario in today’s educational institutes, where overcrowding lurks as a result of hyped reputation of a few institutes and lack of infrastructure in a few others, it is not uncommon for a student to struggle to meet his needs for attention.

And at what cost? The very purpose of this system is undermined as the scores hit by students in these niches lie in two extremes. Teachers are unable to evenly support students in terms of curriculum resulting in non-standardized test scores across the classroom.

This fosters a feeling of insignificance and negativity towards self that could lead to chronic cases of self doubt and low self esteem in young minds.

It goes without saying that the current system is unfair to both teachers and students.

How Can We Address These Issues?

For starters let us focus on efforts of reducing the size of each class, so that each student gets the attention they need and deserve.

If we can place students who struggle with a similar weakness together and keep the size of the classrooms smaller it would definitely work in their favor. Ability grouping is not such a bad thing after all if done wise and careful.

Teachers can focus on creating more engaging activities and lessons that will potentially captivate most students in the class.

And more importantly the teacher needs to be prepared to face the fluctuating dynamics of varied class sizes and students. Respectfully, as demanding as this job is, the teacher needs to adapt to the drifting nature of the classrooms and students.

A glimpse at the educational health of countries like Finland will help comprehend the gravity of the situation.

The Finnish educational model enjoys consistent success when compared with the global scenario owing to a high quality pedagogical training and a regulated staff-child ratio. It comes as no surprise as the education is structured for a holistic socioeconomic development of the state which encompasses the social, cultural, political, economic, and ethical-moral factors.

The average student teacher ratio noted in the Nordic country is 16.03 students per teacher. With this unorthodox educational model in place, one teacher is allotted to 15-20 students for the entire span of their elementary education. So by the end of the first year, the teacher has already figured out the instructional needs of every individual.

Most other countries following a corporate oriented model will term this extremely ideal and difficult to achieve given the rising student population.

But doing this, aren’t we underestimating the ultimate potential of digital transformation to enhance human connections?

How do we exploit the Power of Tech?

Provide teachers with tools to help them tweak their lesson plans and daily schedule. These implements could help a teacher set up her activities as per the needs and the size of her class.

Speaking of tools, time scheduling and management apps have been doing the rounds lately and have proven to be quiet useful in rightfully dispensing class hours.  Timetable app from edsys for instance has an automated function for timetable creation and mapping information to match each class with a suitable teacher.

Schools can employ this app to ensure a rightful distribution of students and allotment of teachers thus clearing the mess of prejudice that prevails in the current scenario. This will help ensure that each teacher will not tend to more than 150 students for one academic year.


The above discussed points could just be a pebble in the sea of problems we are yet to discover, rising as a result of unhealthy student teacher connection.

It is a hard truth that the concept of Dunbar’s number is nowhere in the consensus of today’s institutional architects.

But at the same time, we cannot ignore how much it calls for a revaluation and enhancement in the present educational set up.

Also Read : Why Is It Important For Teachers to Study Philosophy of Education

All those in the teaching line will vouch for the importance of a lesson plan.

A lesson plan is a concise and organized structure which provides answers to important questions. Questions about how a teacher can maintain a standard pattern of teaching.

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Purpose of the Lesson Plan

Brilliance lie in not leaving the schedule at the mercy of shambolic planning and fluctuating resources.  Teachers can re-direct their energy in designing an effective curriculum.

The duties of school hours will  recline in the lap of this set up. The lesson plan guides the direction in which the teacher can invest her efforts and resources for the day.

On attaining the equilibrium, you can help drive student’s efforts on the right path for the desired learning outcome.

Importance of a Good Lesson Plan:

Call it an essential vitamin for the teacher’s survival. The scant might cause deficient growth as a teacher.

A good lesson plan conveys to the teacher as to what is important for students when it comes to learning. And since prepared under the confines of individual comfort, it is easier to perceive.

It will include the content  and activities to be fulfilled for a set timeline.

Lesson planning provides a step-by-step guide to teachers to delve deep into what he/she is teaching.

it tells you how the teaching should progress with the contents of the lecture.

The next big question is  whether the students understand what you are teaching.

Alongside planning for these criteria which are crucial for in-depth learning, a lesson plan benefits teachers in more ways than you can imagine.

We shed light on the 10 most important ways in which a lesson plan becomes a teaching and learning aid to both the teachers and the students respectively.

1) Incorporate the Three Arms of Effective Teaching

In order to help faculty maintain a standard teaching pattern that will benefit students of different IQ levels, it is essential that they follow a logical teaching structure.

It is necessary to take into cognizance the three pivotal components of teaching; the three arms of a lesson plan.

They are:

  • The basic objectives of the course
  •  A collection of teaching and learning activities and
  • Assessment methods

A lesson plan unveils the basic objectives of the course. Students should walk out the class with a thorough understanding of what was taught in class.

Enlisting the learning and teaching activities is the next step. Here, you will have to strive and come up with multiple explanation methods that will help your students to better understand the topic.

You can include real-life examples alongside citing imaginary situations. This will help students stretch their imagination to extract the essence of what is being taught.

After planning for both objectives and teaching activities, you should work in the direction of assessing the level of understanding of your students.

Here you need to rely on assignments (oral or written) as qualifying tools. A question-answer session should be planned along with well-planned activities that will help you assess the learning abilities of your students.

2. A Perfect Time Management Tool in Classrooms

A step-by-step lesson plan will help you lecture the important sections of a topic within the prescribed time period.

You will not grope in the dark about how a particular query from a student should be addressed. With this tool in your hand you will be able to teach with a better sense of direction and control.

Also Read: 14 Best Parental Control Apps For Kids

There will a lot of free time to focus on improvising your abilities as an educator.

3. Builds The Confidence in Teachers

With a lesson plan in your hand, you will become a confident teacher. You would stay abreast with the novel teaching styles that are currently in vogue.

You will not be following the principles of the old school of thought but will incorporate new teaching mechanisms. A lesson plan helps you adhere to the best teaching practices that deliver effective teaching.

You will be come to be known as a confident teacher who is well-informed and highly knowledgeable faculty.

4. A Clear Route-Map To Effective Teaching

What to teach and how to teach are the two basic questions that should be pre-answered by teachers.

When you are clear about what topics to teach and how they should be taught, you will be able to match your lecturing patterns to the learning abilities of your students.

One important thing to remember!

Teaching from the front cover all the way to the end of the text book does not meet your teaching goals.

A lesson plan here sheds light on what topics are considerable as against those which are secondary.

5. A Boon To Struggling Students

Many a times, teachers either omit or repeat the subjects taught earlier. This situation arises because of the absence of a lesson plan.

With a lesson plan at your disposal, you will be able to avoid casual omissions or repetitions that emerge as a result of students getting promoted from one grade into another.

Once the semester ends, earlier teacher with the new class teacher can review the lesson plan in action. This will help to come up with recommendations to aid struggling students.

6. Gain Recognition as an poignant Teacher

A well-organized teacher will be able to attract the attention of students who will pattern after your planning traits.

Also Read: 15 Best Educational Software Companies in India

You can set an example to students who will follow your footsteps. uncovering the benefits of planning and apply your values to aspects of their lives.

This way, you will be able to lead the students by setting an example of the benefits of planning.

7. A Result-Oriented Practice

You as an instructor will be able to guide your students better if you value spadework yourself.

You will be instrumental in helping your students complete assignments with little or no supervision.

A lesson plan comes handy in assessing the level of mastery of your students. It allows you to concentrate on struggling students.

This way, you will be able to check their level of understanding and match your teaching style with what your class needs.

8. Sets the Anticipatory Mood for Students

Teachers rely on teaching mechanisms like a game, a video clipping or an industrial tour. This creates a sense of expectation among students.

You can also engage your students in a focused discussion about a particular topic. This could be a preparation for what is coming up next.

Imagine the excitement of students of English Literature when they are asked to pen down their thoughts about their failed college love.
Right before proceeding to value the world famous love story of Romeo and Juliet!

9. A Reference Tool Which Facilitates Swapping of Teachers

A substitute teacher will be able to take the position of a class teacher in a much shorter time, thanks to the lesson plan.

The assisting teacher will have all the details of lessons covered and the topics yet to be touched.

A lesson plan helps a supporting teacher be perceptive to the teaching style of the earlier faculty. This fosters easy comfort between students and new teacher.

10. Promotes A Healthy Learning Environment

With a lesson plan as a teaching tool, you can plan your lessons in the most purposeful manner.

Healthy classroom management is driven by a systematic pattern of teaching.

With a well-chalked out plan of learning activities and routines, you will be able to present the subject matter straight and clean.

11. Handing over and professional performance

It is always an advantage to have a clear lesson plan so that, it can be used by substitute teachers at times.

It ensures that time is being used properly, even when the HOD is not around.

The set of lesson plans can be used to handling over to new teachers, it acts as a guideline for them to follow.

Irrespective of all these, it can also be used to support annual performance evaluation of individual teachers.

Even when applying for new job, teachers can attach these lesson plans as a sample to show them your content understanding and organizational skills.

12. Prevent over-reliance on textbooks

There are many excellent guides with good resources using the syllabus that enables a teacher to prepare an effective lesson plan. These guides also have solved problems and notes which helps to save the time of teachers.

Thus, giving them more time to focus and teacher. So, a good lesson plan, prevent over- reliance on textbooks.

13. Ask questions

A properly built lesson plan helps a teacher to ask proper and important questions timely. This will engage the student interaction and communication in an effective way. Thus, it helps in retaining the lesson in the classroom.

14. It helps during class preparation

You teach a specific subject because you are well-versed in it. But preparation is essential even for the masters.

As lesson plans make teachers clear about what they are going to teach, it makes then capable to prepare even more.

Teachers can also research on the topic so that it helps them to gather additional information that can be shared with students.

15. It enables possible changes

During the preparation of the lesson plan, there come certain points which can be reviewed and edited. It helps teachers to use different strategies, methods, make use of different tools to make teaching process more interesting.

Thus, a proper lesson plan helps teachers to avoid mistakes and clarifies beforehand.

Key Takeaways

A lesson plan is a mandatory tool to tread the path of comprehensive education. No matter how experienced a teacher is.

With a step by step guide to at their disposal teachers will be in a position to better control the class and address anticipated situations with a strong sense of preparedness.

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A lesson plan is a ready-reference guide to all the teachers. Teachers willing to deliver the curriculum in a sensible and well-informed manner, this tool is just for you!