One of the most famous and best teachers quotes says “Teaching is the one profession that creates all other professions.”

It is an undeniable fact that, without good teachers, there would be no scientists, politicians, engineers, doctors, writers, or artists. Teachers are the foundation of a good education system. When we talk about the role of a teacher in the learning process; it is not just in academics or sports, but also in the school of life.

What makes a Good Teacher?

A teacher is not just someone who teaches lessons and subjects. A teacher can be a person who teaches morality, character building, art, sport, a belief, a faith, or even a way of living.

He/ She is a guide, mentor, philosopher, and friend. A teacher guides the student to explore his/her talents and become successful in life.

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There are teachers in the world who just teach the subject and there are visionaries who have motivated hundreds and thousands of students. In this blog, we will learn more about 15 best teachers in the world ever.

These great teachers stand apart from the thousands of other teachers across the globe for their passion and commitment to teaching. Their lives show us the multiple roles of teachers in a student’s life. These teachers didn’t confine teaching to the four walls of a classroom. They showed a world of opportunities to their students.

  1. Chanakya

Best teacher in the world

Chanakya, also known as Vishnu Gupta or Kautilya, was a professor of political science and economics in the ancient Takshashila University.

His book “Arthasastra” is one of the earliest books on economics and politics. The “shastras” that are described in his book is relevant even in this modern economy. History says that Chanakya was a guide and mentor to Chandragupta Maurya. This teacher played a huge role in establishing the Maurya rule in the Indian subcontinent.

  1. Confucius

best teacher

Confucius is regarded as the teacher of all teachers.He was also labeled as the best teacher ever. He was born into a noble family in China.

During those times, only the royals and nobility were allowed to learn and that too from government teachers.

Confucius was the first private teacher who taught all those who wanted to learn. His teachings and philosophies are called as Confucianism. The teachings of Confucianism include moral conduct, social behavior, and structured life. Confucius’s birthday is celebrated as teacher’s day in China.

  1. Anne Sullivan

Best teacher

Anne Sullivan is best known for being Hellen Keller’s teacher. When she was five years old, Anne got an eye disease that made her partially blind.

She then attended the Perkins School of Blind to study. After she graduated, she became a teacher. Her first and only student was Helen Keller. Sullivan was her governess, teacher, and companion. Anne Sullivan is one of the world’s best teachers who dedicated her life to her student.

  1. Jean Piaget

best teachers in the world

Jean Piaget revolutionized early childhood education. He was a professor of medieval literature, sociology, and psychology at the University of Neuchâtel.

In 1929, he became the director of the International Bureau of Education.

According to Piaget’s theory of learning, the role of teachers is to observe more than to transmit information and knowledge. A good teacher needs to observe the child and guide him/her towards knowledge.

  1. Maria Montessori

Best teachers

Maria Montessori is another educationalist who brought about a sea change in early childhood education.

A physician by profession, Maria worked with children who had mental disabilities. She observed the children and identified the ways of learning.

Based on her research, she came up with the Montessori teaching methodology that is still used in many schools. According to this theory, the key principles of learning are Observation, Independence, a Prepared environment, Absorbent mind, following the child, and correcting the child.

  1. Albert Einstein

 great teachers of the world

We all know Albert Einstein as one of the greatest scientists in the world. However, when he first started teaching at the university, many students didn’t sign up for his classes.

It was mostly because he was such a genius and a lot of students found it difficult to understand his teaching.

However, as Einstein’s theories became popular, his classes started to overflow. Albert Einstein is one of the best teachers who were passionate about his field. He also encouraged and motivated young minds interested in maths and physics.

  1. Rabindranath Tagore

best teacher in the world

A poet who won the Nobel Prize for Literature, Rabindranath Tagore is also a great educationalist.

Tagore was against the traditional teaching methodology where students need to sit in a classroom for hours and “parrot” what the teachers say.

He established the Viswa Bharathi University at Shantiniketan, West Bengal. They follow the traditional “Gurukulam” style of teaching. Even now, classes are held outside, under the shade of the trees.

Also Read: 18 Fun Classroom Activities For Students

  1. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

who is the best teacher in the world

Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the second President of India, was a professor before he became a politician. He was a professor of philosophy at the Madras Presidency College, University of Mysore and University of Calcutta.

Dr. Radhakrishnan is the first Indian to have a professorial chair at Oxford University. His birthday on September 5 is celebrated as Teacher’s Day in India.

  1. Savitribai Phule

great teachers of the world

Savitribai Phule is considered to the first female teacher in the country. She was born in a small village in Maharashtra. After Savitri married Jyotira, her husband educated her.

She then did her teacher training in an institute run by the American Missionaries at Ahmednagar. After she completed her graduation, Savitri and her husband began to teach in Pune. Soon, they started three schools for girls in Pune. They are pioneers who established a base for women’s education in India.

  1. Swami Vivekananda

best teachers in the world

Narendranath Datta, popularly known as Swami Vivekananda, is one of the greatest teachers from India.

He was a spiritual teacher who told the world about Vedanta philosophy, Hinduism and its interpretations. His philosophy and teachings greatly influenced the education system of the country.

  1. Vivian Paley

best teachers in the world

Vivian Paley was a teacher-researcher who used the storytelling approach to teaching. She taught kindergarten and preschool for over 37 years.

During this time, she worked on her teaching methodologies. She is the only kindergarten teacher to win the MacArthur award. Apart from teaching, she also conducted workshops and training programs for teachers. Ms. Paley has also written books on her experience in teaching.

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  1. Abdul Kalam


Though technically, he was a visiting professor only for a few years, he is one of the greatest teachers India has seen.

Abdul Kalam had donned several hats in terms of his career. He was an aerospace engineer first and then a science administrator at the ISRO and DRDO.

Abdul Kalam was then elected as the President of India. After his presidency, the missile man of India became a visiting professor in many colleges.

Kalam was a great believer of the strength of the students. He motivated students and encouraged them to follow their dreams. Kalam believed that the future of a nation was in the hands of the students.

  1. Erin Gruwell

Erin Gruwell’s first experience in teaching began when she worked as a student teacher in her school.

She would teach students who got low marks. When she saw what happened during the 1992 Los Angeles riots, she decided to become a teacher. Erin worked as a teacher for only for four years. But during that time, she encouraged students to maintain journals about their experiences.

Erin Gruwell was a role model for her students and guided them towards a better life.

  1. Andrea Zafirakou

Best teachers

Andria Zafirakou, an art and textile teacher from London, is the winner of the Global Teacher Prize-2018’. She has been working at the Alperton Community School in London for 12 years. The students in the school come from crowded homes where many families live together. She uses art as a form of communication to help students express themselves.

  1. Peter Tabichibest teachers in the world

Peter Tabichi is a Kenyan teacher who won the 2019 Global Teacher Prize. He teaches physics and maths at the Keriko Mixed Day Secondary School in a village located in the Rift Valley Province, Kenya.

Students from seven different tribes in the region attend the school. To encourage regular attendance, Peter started the Talent Nurturing Club. He also established community support activities to bring in local support.

Peter Tabichi is working to improve the living conditions and education of the students in his region.

Also Read: 16 Innovative Teaching Ideas to Make Your Teaching  More Effective

Best Teachers in the World: Final Thought

There are still many best teachers in the world who are not on this list but have made huge changes in the lives of the students.

Teachers build the foundation of a child’s life, which in turn builds the society and the nation.


It’s not just enough to show our respect and gratitude to teachers during the teachers appreciation week or the teacher’s day.

Every little success that we have, every step that we forge ahead in our life is due to the efforts of our teachers. Who will you say is your best teacher ever? Share something about your best teacher and how he/she has changed your life.

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Behind the celebration of Independence on 15th August, 1947, there is a much violent and chaotic history of fierce rebellions, wars and movements done by thousands of spirited Indian freedom fighters.All these freedom fighters of India fought, struggled and even sacrificed their lives in an effort to free India from British rule.

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To end the reign of foreign imperialists and their Colonialism in India, a great number of revolutionaries and activists from diverse family backgrounds came together and embarked on a mission. Many of us might have heard of some of them, but there are so many prominent heroes whose contributions have not been celebrated.
To respect their efforts and devotion, we have made a list of 25 top freedom fighters of India, without them we wouldn’t be breathing in Independent India.

1. SardarVallabhbhai Patel

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 31 October 1875, Nadia
  • Died: 15 December 1950, Mumbai
  • Full name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
  • Nicknames: Bismarck of India, Strong (Iron) Man, Sardar, Iron Man Of India
  • Awards: Bharat Ratna
Most brave and epic from the young age, Vallabhbhai Patel was born in 1875 and earned the title ‘Sardar’ after his heroic contribution in BardoliSatyagrah. Due to his brave endeavors, he eventually began to be regarded as ‘the iron man of India.’. Sardar Patel was originally a lawyer but he withdrew from law and joined freedom fight to represent India against British rulers. He became the Deputy PM of India after the independence and dedicated himself to integrate princely states into the Union India.

2. Jawaharlal Nehru

freedom fighters of india

Jawaharlal Nehru was the only son of Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani and was born in 1889. Nehru was originally a barrister and became popular as both freedom fighter of india and a politician. His passion for India’s freedom was the influence of Mahatma Gandhi’s efforts to relieve India from Britishers. He joined the freedom struggle, became the President of Indian National Congress and was eventually made the First Prime Minister of India post the independence. Since he adored children, he was called Chacha Nehru and his birthday is celebrated as Children’s day.

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3. Mahatma Gandhi

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
  • Full name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
  • Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi (m. 1883–1944)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in 2nd October, 1869 and was entitled “Father of Nation” and Mahatma Gandhi because of his great deeds. Married to Kasturba at 13, he studied law in London and went to South Africa for practice where racial discrimination towards some Indians inspired him to fight for human rights. Later, after watching the status of India ruled by Englishmen, Gandhi fiercely joined the freedom fight. He took “DandiKuch” on his bare foot to relieve tax on salt and led several non-violence movements against Britishers in efforts for freedom.

4. Tantia Tope

freedom fighters of india

Tantia Tope was born in 1814 and became one of the great classic Indian rebellions in 1857. He led a group of soldier and to fight and end the dominance of the British. A firm follower of Nana Sahib, he served as General and continued his fight despite extreme circumstances. Tantia made General Windham to leave Kanpur and was involved in reinstating Rani Lakshmi to Gwalior.

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5. Nana Sahib

freedom fighters of india

Nana Sahib was a significant contributor in 1857 uprising in which he led a group of ardent rebellions.He overwhelmed the British forces in Kanpur and threatened British camp by killing the survivors of the force. Audacious and fearless, Nana Sahib was a skilled administrator as well who prepared and ledthousands of Indian soldiers.

6. Lal Bahadur Shastri

freedom fighters of india

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born in 1904 in UP. He received the title “Shastri” Scholar after he completed his study at Kashi Vidyapeeth. As a silent yet active freedom fighter, he participated in Quit India movement, Civil Disobedience movement and Salt Satyagrah movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. He also spent many years in Jail. After the independence, he graced the position of Home Minister and later became Prime Minister of India in 1964.

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7. Subhash Chandra Bose

freedom fighters of india

Famous with the title Netaji, Subhas Chandra Bose was born in 1897 in Orissa. The Jallianwala bagh Massacre potentially shook him and made him return to India from England in 1921. He joined Indian National Congress and was a part of Civil Disobedience Movement. Since he wasn’t content with Non-Violence method of freedom as promoted by Gandhi Ji, he went to Germany for help and eventually formed Indian National Army (INA) and Azad Hind Government.

8. Sukhdev

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 15 May 1907, Ludhiana
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Siblings: Jagdish Chand Thapar, Prakash Chand Thapar, Mathuradass Thapar, Krishna Thapar, Jaidev Thapar
  • Parents: Ralli DeviRamlal Thapar
  • Education: National College of Arts, National College, Lahore
  • Children: Madhu Sehgal

Born in 1907, Sukhdev was a valiant revolutionary and an integral member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He worked close with his associates Bhagat Singh and Shivram Rajguru. He was said to be involved in killing a British officer John Saunders.Unfortunately, he was arrested and martyred along with Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru at the age of 24.

9. Kunwar Singh

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: November 1777, Jagdishpur
  • Died: 26 April 1858, Jagdishpur
  • Full name: Babu Veer Kunwar Singh
  • Nickname: Veer Kunwar Singh
  • Nationality: Indian

Born in November 1777, Kunwar Singh led a force of soldiers against the British in Bihar at the age of 80. Clever and deceptive, Kunwar Singh was fondly called Veer Kunwar Singh due to his intimidating bravery. He targeted British Troops with guerrilla warfare tactics and defeated British forces heavily. Kunwar Singh is always remembered for his young audacity, passion and respectable bravery.

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10. Rani Lakshmi Bai

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 19 November 1828, Varanasi
  • Died: 18 June 1858, Gwalior
  • Full name: Manikarnika Tambe
  • Spouse: Raja Gangadhar Rao Newalkar (m. 1842–1853)
  • Parents: Moropant Tambe, Bhagirathi Sapre
  • Children: Damodar Rao of Jhansi, Anand Rao

Rani Lakhsmi Bai, the Queen of Jhansi, was born in 1828. She was a key member of India’s fierce uprising of independence in 1857. Despite being a woman, she embodied bravery and fearless attitude, inspiring thousands of women to participate the freedom battle. She bravely defended her palaceof Jhansi in 1858 when it was to be invaded by British force led by Sir Hugh Rose.

11. Bal Gangadhar Tilak

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 23 July 1856, Chikhali
  • Died: 1 August 1920, Mumbai
  • Nickname: Lokmanya Tilak
  • Full name: Keshav Gangadhar Tilak

Bal GangadharTilak was born in 1856 and was a remarkable freedom fighters of India. In a raging protest against British, he created burning flame across the nation with the slogan – “Swaraj is my birthright”. He was more popular as one of the triumvirate: Lal, Bal and Pal. To defy English rulers, Tilakbuilt schools and published rebellious newspapers. Since people loved and respected him as one of the greatest leaders, he was called Lokmanya Tilak.

12. LalaLajpat Rai

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 28 January 1865, Dhudike
  • Died: 17 November 1928, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Nickname: Punjab Kesari
  • Education: Government College University, Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari
  • Parents: Gulab Devi, Radha Krishan

LalaLajpat Rai was born in 1865 in Punjab and was informally called Punjab Kesari. A part of Lal-Bal-Pal trio, he was one of the extremist members of Indian National Congress. In 1920, he became a popular leader as he led the Non-Cooperation Movement and Punjab Protest against the Jalliawala Bagh incident. In a Simon Commission protest in 1928, he died from brutal Lathi charge by the Britishers.

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13. Mangal Pandey

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 19 July 1827, Nagwa
  • Died: 8 April 1857, Barrackpore
  • Nationality: Indian
  • Known for: Indian independence fighter
  • Parents: Abhairani Pandey, Divakar Pandey

Born in 1827, Mangal Pandey was one the early freedom fighter. He was among the first rebels to inspire young Indian soldiers to instigate the great rebellion of 1857. Serving as a soldier for the British East India Company, Pandey launched a first attack by firing at English officials, which was the beginning of the Indian rebellion in 1857.

14. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

freedom fighters of india

  • Born: 28 May 1883, Bhagur
  • Died: 26 February 1966, Mumbai
  • Party: Hindu Mahasabha
  • Education: City Law School (1909), Fergusson College (1902–1905), Wilson College, Mumbai, Mumbai University (MU)
  • Children: Vishwas Savarkar, Prabhat Chiplunkar, Prabhakar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born in 1883 and spent his life being a passionate activist and Indian revolutionary. He founded Abhinav Bharat Society and Free India Society. He was known as Swatantryaveer Savarkar. As a writer, he also wrote a piece titled ‘The Indian War of Independence’ that included glorious details about the struggles of the Indian uprising of 1857.

Also Read: 9 Union Territories of India and their Capitals

15. C. Rajagopalachari

  • Born: 10 December 1878, Thorapalli
  • Died: 25 December 1972, Chennai
  • Nicknames: CR, Mango of Krishnagiri, Rajaji
  • Education: Presidency college(autonomous), Bangalore central University (1894), Bangalore University
  • Awards: Bharat Ratna

Born in 1878, C Rajagopalachari was a lawyer by profession but later joined the Indian National Congress in 1906 to become a respected Congress representative. He was a devoted follower of Mahatma Gandhi and defended a revolutionary P. Varadarajulu Naidu. He also actively participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement led by Lajpat Rai.

16. Bhagat Singh

  • Born: 28 September 1907, Banga, Pakistan
  • Died: 23 March 1931, Lahore Central Jail, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Education: National College, Lahore, National College of Arts, Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Schools System
  • Siblings: Bibi Amar Kaur, Bibi Shakuntla, Kultar Singh, Rajinder Singh, Kulbir Singh, Bibi Parkash Kaur, Jagat Singh, Ranbir Singh
  • Parents: Vidyavati, Sardar Kishan Singh Sandhu

Bhagat Singh was quite a famous revolutionary and also controversial Freedom Fighters of India as he became proud martyr for his country. He was born to a Sikh family of freedom fighters in 1907 in Punjab. He was therefore a born patriot and joined non-Cooperation movement in 1921. He formed the “Naujawan Bharat Sabha”, to instill patriotism in youth of Punjab. Chauri-Chaura Massacre changed him and made him extreme in his fight for freedom.

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17. Dadabhai Naoroji

  • Born: 4 September 1825, Navsari
  • Died: 30 June 1917, Mumbai
  • Organizations founded: Indian National Congress, Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe, National Congress, London Indian Society
  • Parents: Naoroji Palanji Dordi, Manekbai Naoroji Dordi
  • Education: Mumbai University (MU), Elphinstone College

DadabhaiNaoroji was born in 1825 and is accountable for establishing the Indian National Congress. He is also one of the prominent activists to have joined the non-violence independent movement. He criticized in one of his books about British colonialism in India being equivalent to stealing wealth from the country.

18. Ram Prasad Bismil

  • Born: 11 June 1897, Shahjahanpur
  • Died: 19 December 1927, Gorakhpur Jail, Gorakhpur
  • Nationality: British Raj
  • Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
  • Books: Musings from the Gallows: Autobiography of Ram Prasad Bismil, Kranti Geetanjali, Nij Jeevan Ki Ek Chhata, Atmakatha
  • Parents: Moolmati, Murlidhar

Like Shahid Bhagat Singh, Ram Prasad Bismil was also a memorable young revolutionary who martyred for his country. Born in 1897, Bismil was one of the respectable members of the Hindustan Republican Association with Sukhdev. He was also involved in the notorious Kakori train robbery because of which British government sentenced him to death.

19. K. M. Munshi

  • Born: 30 December 1887, Bharuch
  • Died: 8 February 1971, Mumbai
  • Education: The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
  • Books: Lomaharshini, Prithivivallabh, Lopamudra, MORE
  • Children: Girish Munshi, Jagadish Munshi, Usha Raghupathi, Lata Munshi, Sarla Sheth
  • Organizations founded: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan

Born in 1887, K.M. Munshi established Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan and emerged as a strong freedom fighter as he participated in Salt Satyagraha and Quit India movement with Mahatma Gandhi. He also joined Swaraj Party and Indian National Congress. He was a strong follower of Sardar Patel, Gandhi and Sayajirao Gaekwad and was also arrested many a time for his freedom protests.

20. Bipin Chandra Pal 

  • Born: 7 November 1858, Habiganj District, Bangladesh
  • Died: 20 May 1932, Kolkata
  • Books: The Soul of India: A Constructive Study of Indian Thoughts & Ideals, MORE
  • Parents: Ramchandra Pal, Narayani Devi
  • Education: St. Paul’s Cathedral Mission College, Presidency University
  • Spouse: Birajmohini Devi (m. 1891), Nrityakali Devi (m. 1881)

Bipin Chandra Pal, born in 1858 was a substantial part of the Indian National Congress. He is an unforgettable revolutionary. He encouraged the the abandonment of foreign goods. He formed an association with LalaLajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a Lal-Pal-Bal trio, and together he executed many revolutionary activities for the country.

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21. Chandra Shekhar Azad 

  • Born: 23 July 1906, Bhavra
  • Died: 27 February 1931, Chandrashekhar Azad Park
  • Full name: Chandrashekhar Tiwari
  • Nickname: Azad
  • Education: Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith
  • Parents: Sitaram Tiwari, Jagrani Devi

Chandra Shekhar Azad was born in 1906 and was a close associate of Bhagat Singh in the struggle for freedom. He was also a part of Hindustan Republican Association and the most fearless and challenging freedom fighter against British rulers. During a skirmish with British soldiers, after killing many enemies he shot himself with his Colt pistol. He swore he would never be captured alive by those Britishers.

22. Chittaranjan Das

  • Born: 5 November 1870, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Died: 16 June 1925, Darjeeling
  • Nickname: Deshbandhu
  • Title: “Deshbandhu” (Friend of the Nation)
  • Parents: Nistarini Devi, Bhuban Mohan Das

Born in 1870, Chittaranjan Das was a lawyer by profession and the real founder of the Swaraj Party. Famous as Deshbandhu, he also took part in the Indian National Movement. As a law practitioner, he successfully defended Aurobindo Ghosh who was charged with a said crime by the British. Subhash Chandra Bose was mentored by Chittaranjan.

23. Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah

  • Born: 7 July 1854, Bhopal
  • Died: 20 September 1927, San Francisco, California, United States
  • President: Mahendra Pratap

Abdul Hafiz Mohamed Barakatullah was born in 1854 and has uniquely fought for the nation’s freedom. He was a co-founder of Ghadar Party that was operated overseas from San Francisco. Being an overseas revolutionary, he took pen as a fighting weapon and published blazing articles in England’s leading daily to incite the fire of Independence.

24.Ashfaqulla Khan

  • Born: 22 October 1900, Shahjahanpur
  • Died: 19 December 1927, Faizabad
  • Organization: Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
  • Other name: Ashfaq Ulla Khan.
  • Parents: Mazhoor-Un-Nisa, Shafiq Ullah Khan
  • Siblings: Riyasat Ullah Khan

Born in 1900, Ashfaqulla Khan was another young fountain of revolutionary fire who also sacrificed his life for his mother India like many other martyrs in the list. Like Bismil and Chandrashekha, he, too, was a prominent member of the Hindustan Republican Association. He carried out the popular train robbery at Kakori Khan with the help of his associates, which led him to being executed by the British.

25. Begum Hazrat Mahal

  • Born: 1820, Faizabad
  • Died: 7 April 1879, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Nationality: British Raj
  • Spouse: Wajid Ali Shah (m. ?–1879)
  • Children: Birjis Qadr

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Born in 1820, Hazrat Mahal participated in the 1857 mutiny to insurrect against British rulers. She worked along with the leaders like NanaSaheb and Maulavi of Faizabad. She single-handedly defended Lucknow, leading the troops when her husband was away. She also fought to stop the demolition of temples and mosques after which she retreated to Nepal.


These brave Indian freedom fighters fought for our motherland and many among them sacrificed their lives for the freedom of our country. Let us remember all of these freedom fighters of India and be proud for them.

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Essay on Rabindranath Tagore: Rabindranath Tagore, a great Indian poet, novelist, song composer, playwright, and a great scholar was born in Calcutta on the 7th of May in 1861.His birthday is marked as Rabindranath Tagore Jayanthi. He was born in a rich and orthodox Brahmin family. His parents were Maharsi Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi.His mother died when he was just fourteen years old.Commonly known as Gurudev, he was also known by the name Rabindranath Thakur.

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Early life and Childhood Days

Among Tagore’s siblings, he was the youngest. From a small age, he lost his mother. His father was a traveler, so he was raised by his maids and servants at home.

essay on rabindranath tagore

Right from his childhood, he developed his interest in writing poetry and proved his excellence in the future.

He was a multi-talented person in every sense. He was a painter, story- writer, humanist, patriot, novelist, philosopher, and educationalist.

Also Read: 10 Nobel Prize Winners From India You Should Know

In his early days, he never attended schools and pursued his studies under the guidance of private teachers at home. However, he went to England for his higher studies.

Tagore and his family were interested in Bengal renaissance and took active participation in it.

At the age of sixteen, he started publishing his poetry work. Interestingly it was published under the pseudonym Bhanushingho (Sun Lion).

The great classical poet, Kalidasa has influenced Tagore and he started writing classical poems. His sister Swarnakumari was also a well – known novelist.

In 1873, he went for a tour with his father for several months and he acquired knowledge about various subjects. While staying at Amristar he learned about Sikhism and he pens down almost six poems and some articles on the religion.


Tagore’s formal education was in Brighton, East Sussex, England.

In 1878 that he went to England to study law but he returned back to India before completing studies as he wanted to fulfill his passion to become a poet and a writer.

He began learning the works of Shakespeare on his own. He was interested to learn English, Scottish, and Irish literature and music.

essay on rabindranath tagore

Afterward, he returned to India and married his soul mate Mrinalini Devi.

Established Shantiniketan

It was Tagore’s father who put forward the idea of Shantiniketan.

The concept of “Ashram” was founded by Debendranath Tagore in 1863. Tagore founded an open-air school.

Image – PathaBhavana

It was a prayer hall, named as “Mandir’. It was also called “Patha Bhavana’ which included only five students at the beginning.

Guru-Shishya’s method of teaching was used. This trend of teaching was observed beneficial to the modern education system.

In the meantime he becomes very famous and also he was the first Asian to receive Nobel Laureate. Today, Shantiniketan is a famous University town in West Bengal.

Literary Works

Tagore made a great effort to introduce Indian culture to the West and vice versa.

Tagore’s most famous work, Geetanjali, was translated during his long ocean journey to European nation.

He was awarded the laurels for literature for the work Geetanjali.

His spiritual and mercurial poems are still remembered today.

In 1913 he became the first Indian to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. Thus he made a notable contribution to Indian literature.

His contributions are enormous and also unforgettable.

National anthems of India and Bangladesh are taken from his work Rabindrasangeet and are famous.

Even today, the creative writings of Tagore, whether in the form of poems or stories, are unquestionable. Through his sharp and brilliant writings he tried to bridge the gap between east and west. Perhaps he was the first Indian writer to come up such attempt.

He believed in the concept of brotherhood, power of love and peace

His main aim of writing was to bring people very closer.

He had delineated well concerning love and harmony through his poetry and stories.

The love and harmony towards one another are clearly reflected in his whole life and writings.

His commitment towards the country is clearly portrayed in the quoted statement,

“My country that is forever India, the country of my forefathers, the country of my children, my country has given me life and strength.”

And again, “I shall be born in India again.”

Tagore’s major contribution towards Indian English literature includes his most prominent works such as Chitra, Naivedya, Sonar Tari, Kalpana etc.

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His major novels are Malini, Gora, Raja and Rani, Chitrangda,  Binodhini Nauka Dubai etc.

Also Read: General Knowledge For Kids (105 Q & A)

His spiritual and religious power helped him to withstand during the days of sufferings.

He was a good educationalist and hence supported associate residence of peace. And he founded the unique university named Santiniketan., an abode of art enthusiasts.

He passed away on 7th August in 1941 in Kolkata unfortunately before seeing India got independence.

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, the 11th president of India, is an inspiration for students. Born in the small town of Rameshwaram in Tamilnadu, he rose to the position of the first citizen of the nation through hard work, perseverance, and determination.

Dr. Kalam was a key person both in the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

The Missile Man passed away on 27 July 2015, but he still lives with us through his writings. His books take us through his life, his learning and also his expectations from the future generation of Indians.

A P J Abdul Kalam Books for students are a treasure trove of information, inspiration, and imagination.

Students look up to the “People’s President” and understand that goal setting and dedication are the key factors to success in life.

In this blog, let’s take a look at a few of A P J Abdul Kalam books.

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1. Wings of Fire

A P J Abdul Kalam Books

One of the most popular A P J Abdul Kalam books is Wings of Fire. Titled Agni Siragugal in Tamil, this book is considered as an autobiography of Dr. Kalam.

As you read the book, you travel with Dr. Kalam in his journey of life from the humble beginnings as a boat owner’s son to a missile scientist.

In this book, he says, “We are all born with a divine fire in us. Our efforts should be to give wings to this fire and fill the world with the glow of its goodness.” These words motivate every student to dream and desire a better future for the self and the nation.

2. India 2020 – A Vision For The New Millennium

A P J Abdul Kalam Books

Dr. Kalam talks about his dreams and vision for the nation in this book – India 2020. He gives a strong action plan for India to become a developed nation by 2020. This 300-page book can be a blueprint for the current generation to work towards building a stronger and more developed India.

3. Indomitable Spirit

A P J Abdul Kalam Books

As the name implies, this book brings out Dr. Kalam’s thoughts and ideas for a new nation.

This book has 14 chapters and talks about the importance of education in India, women empowerment, creativity, science and spirituality, creativity, inspiration and building a knowledgeable world.

It is one of A P J Abdul Kalam Books in English that has been translated to numerous Indian and international languages.

4. Turning Points

A P J Abdul Kalam Books

At each point in life, we face challenges. The ways in which we overcome these challenges mark significant turning points in one’s life.

Thought to be a sequel to Wings of Fire, this book follows Dr. Kalam’s life through the latter part of his career and his presidency tenure.

In this book, he tells students, “I would like to ask you, what would you like to be remembered for? You should write it down. It could be an important contribution, whether it is an invention, an innovation or a change that you bring about in a society that the nation will remember you for.”

5. A Manifesto for Change

A P J Abdul Kalam Books

A sequel to 2020 – A Vision For The New Millennium, this book talks how to make the dream of India 2020 come true.

Dr. Kalam, in his book, hopes to have a united Parliament that rises above petty politics and focuses on building the nation.

He also talks about using the power of students to make changes at grass root levels that will help build a stronger developed nation.

6. Envisioning an Empowered Nation

A P J Abdul Kalam Books

First published in 2004, this book is based on Dr. Kalam’s interactions with students all over the country.

The book includes two case studies – Design of Satellite Launch Vehicles Recollection of SLV-3 Experience and Integrated Design Approach for Advanced Aerospace Vehicles – A Guided Missile Experience.

7. Ignited Minds

“Dream, Dream, Dream Dreams transform into thoughts And thoughts result in action.”

This book is a logical continuation of India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium.

The book has Dr Kalam’s messages for future generations. In this book, Dr Kalam gives inspirational messages and also talks about how students can learn from saints and seers, role models and society.

8. Developments in Fluid Mechanics and Space Technology

It is one of A P J Abdul Kalam books for students of space technology and fluid mechanics. The first volume dedicated to Professor Dhawan is a collection of research papers on fluid dynamics.  The second volume talks about the development of space technology in India during the period 1972-1984.

9. Inspiring Thoughts

This book contains inspiring thoughts of Dr. Kalam that motivate students. In this book, Dr. Kalam uses a very simple language that even young students can easily read. It also has personal quotations from the Missile Man and questions that he asks students.

10. Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth

In this book, Dr. Kalam delves into the current education system and explains how the youth of the nation can use top technologies to build the nation’s economic prowess.

Also Read: 21 Motivational Books For High School Students

The intent of the book is to challenge India’s youth to make India one of the top economic powers of the globe.

11. The Scientific Indian: A Twenty-First Century Guide To The World Around Us

A P J Abdul Kalam Books

It is one of Dr. Kalam’s fiction books where he takes readers into the princely state of Bhanupur. This fast-paced story revolves around Maharaja Amar Singh II and explores India during the British reign.

Students can find out about the scientific technology that our ancestors used and how we can still revive the great era to make India a developed country.

12. You Are Born To Blossom

A P J Abdul Kalam Books

In this book, Dr. Kalam talks about his dream for Indian schools in 2020. He compares a school to a tree that yields fruits, flowers, bark and lots more.

Dr. Kalam dreams of having schools that encourage students to be creative and innovative. He advocates the inclusion of moral and ethical values in the education system.

If all schools adopt Dr. Kalam’s vision, then they can become instrumental in creating the next generation of innovative and creative Indians.


Students can read A P J Abdul Kalam Books in English, Tamil, Marathi and other languages to get a glimpse into the life of this iconic scientist President.

There are many websites that also offer A P J Abdul Kalam Books for online reading or download. Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam has left a treasure house of knowledge in his books.

It is the duty of parents, teachers and educational institutes to make the best use of A P J Abdul Kalam books on education to guide and mentor students to be great future citizens.

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An era of Marvel Comics has ended with Stan Lee.

Stan Lee, the genius, who created a whole new universe of superheroes with his sheer creativity has passed away at 95.

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He was the soul of MARVEL universe and every superhero character in it.

Captain America, Iron Man, Black Panther, Spider-Man, and thousands of characters cast out of his mind and changed the lives of millions.

Stan Lee taught us all how life can present similar problems to everyone, no matter how cool your powers are.

For his creativity and a deep sense of life, it would not be wrong to say that Stan Lee was the first superhero in the Marvel Universe.

If you observe the life of Stan Lee and his characters, you will find incredible lessons to take away.

Dedicated to Stan Lee, this article will offer lessons to learn for every student out there.

Lessons from Stan Lee’s life

1. Building Expertise takes Long-Term Efforts

All the characters and the stories from Stan Lee came after a long time of practice and effort.

Stan Lee didn’t create anything famous until he crossed the age of 39. His creation The Fantastic Four came at the age of 39.

He created the majority of his work during 20 years of the time period, which came after he invested years and years in the industry.

In fact, there was a point when he decided to leave the industry.

He wanted to create certain kind of characters but was not getting the desired support.

His goal was to make every superhero believable.

He wanted every superhero to behave and act in a situation, exactly as if they are a common person.

Students today think about getting ahead in their life with the speed of lightning.

But success comes with practice and persistence. Sometimes you are not skilled enough, while other times, you don’t get the right opportunities.

This has happened to every successful person and this will happen to you as well.

You can only focus on building expertise and play the long game to accomplishment. That’s how you win!

2. Listen to your Inner-Calling

Stan Lee always focused on doing what satisfied him.

And like any other creative person, he evolved his craft and felt the need to change his place in the world.

For at least a decade during the 1950s, Stan Lee spent his time writing stories in various genres such as humor, romance, fiction, horror, suspense, and others.

But he gradually became dissatisfied with the kind of work he was doing.

So, before the decade ended, Lee decided to switch his career.

It was then when the revolution of Marvel happened with rise of The Fantastic Four.

Every student struggles to choose between his/her choice of career and the career path showed by the parents and teachers.

Lee’s life teaches how inner-calling is key to attaining success.


Also Read: 8 Family Friendly Superhero Movies


Lessons from Stan Lee’s characters

3. Spider-Man- With Great Power comes Great Responsibility

This is one of the most popular quotes from the Marvel Universe.

Peter Parker, after getting his powers of Spiderman, receives this lesson from his Uncle Ben.

Remembering this quote can help you as a student and as a person as well.

Even if we don’t realize, we are all hungry for power.

Becoming the president of the college, leading the next debate team, representing your college in sports and many other powerful positions we aspire drives us forward each day.

But you should never forget that those powers come with responsibilities.

This quote from Stan Lee’s character will always help you understand that every power you are blessed with comes with a responsibility to use it to make the world a better place and never misuse it.

4. X-Men: Your Uniqueness can scare Other people

Stan Lee’s X-Men have been a powerful support for every person who faces any kind of discrimination. Using mutants as a metaphor,

Stan Lee explained the discriminations of cast, race, gender etc that prevail in our society.

X-Men are people with unique abilities, but the human world in the X-Men universe fears them all.

Students also face such discriminations from time to time.

Schools and colleges are large social environments where students can judge each other for something they don’t understand.

A group of extrovert student can judge an introvert student.

With X-Men, Stan Lee has taught that you just don’t need to worry about the people who judge you.

Focus on people who admire you for your unique abilities.

5. Captain America: Never Give Up

The character Steve Rogers was a soldier even before he became Captain America owing to an experiment.

Steve Rogers was skinny and 5’4 but never gave up.

If you read the comics or see the movie Captain America: The First Avenger, Steve becomes a symbol of determination.

He has a heart of gold and does the right thing with persistence.

That’s what students can learn and define their success in education and life.

6. Thor: You Don’t Deserve anything until you earn it

Thor is a son of God Odin.

He has all the privileges, but that makes him a little overconfident.

So, his father decides to teach him a lesson. He strips all the godly powers of Thor and banishes him from Asgard to Earth.

After which, he has to find his inner-self, become humble about the life he has.

Only then, he earns his powers back along with his famous Hammer.

Students complain a lot of time about what they deserve. But they don’t understand that deserving something requires earning it first.

For example, just because you spend your whole day studying for a test, you don’t deserve top scores.

For that, you actually have to perform during the test and earn those scores.

Final words

Stan Lee has surely done a favor to humankind by bringing to life such unworldly yet relatable characters through his comics.

Of course, he was following his passion, but in the process, he changed millions of lives.

Now that Stan Lee is not among us anymore, we should all remember him as the first superhero who taught how to live a great life!

International literacy day is celebrated around the globe on 8 September.

What is Literacy?

The basic definition highlights an individual’s ability to read and write. Literacy in simple terms means how good you are in comprehending what you can read. Can you interpret a version of the story to another in your own words?

The lucky needs to feel fortunate to have these skills, what they think is only basic. People around the world have endured long-standing hardships owing to not being able to attain them. The response to this crucial challenge that humanity faces saw the rise of International literacy day.

The Basic Idea

As efforts by world organizations and NGOs are made around the world to plant the seed of education in every barren mind, this day is there to acknowledge the progress made by the campaign and discover areas which need enhancements.

The goal is simple. The ultimate extinction of illiteracy from the world!

International literacy day is celebrated around the globe on 8 September.

Literacy is an important aspect of UN’s Sustainable Development goals. The sustainable development goals by UN put forth in 2015 plan on achieving extraordinary things by 2030. The objective is to “end poverty, promote prosperity and well-being for all, and protect the planet”

One of the prevalent goals is to provide every individual equivalent access to education and leaning opportunities all life.

The sustainable development goals strive toward providing the youth with basic literacy and numeracy. It also ensures the adults who lack these skills and offers a chance to seek them.

What is Special about International Literacy Day 2018?

2018 marks the 52nd year since the day was formally announced to highlight and work towards the literacy development in the world.

It marks the efforts of the presiding authorities and whoever in the position to contribute to improving the policies governing literacy. The world organization takes time to address the challenges concerning literacy and draw attention to the improvements in literacy rates.

The theme for International literacy day 2018 is “Literacy and Skills Development”.

Challenges still prevail in the development of literacy. Having said that, the requirements for skills are rising rapidly, adding hopes to the same picture.

UNESCO plans on highlighting the youth and adult section under lifelong learning framework. Skills and literacy are well thought to be connected and potentially resourceful when combined.

Amalgamation of ideas pertaining to skills and literacy would ensure the development of societies and foster equity and sustainability at the same time.

The aim is to create a competent and sustaining individual with skills for employment, livelihood, professional development. Enhancements in technical, digital and transferable skills also claim to be a major part of the endeavor.

How each of us can celebrate this day?

This literacy day will see unexplored corners of creativity as the governing bodies around the world have young minds actively working at creatively emphasizing the role of skills in development of learning.

Other events can include inviting people for reading sessions, erecting a word wall’ for eg. a wall of technical jargon and pictures, designing collages.

How do we interpret the theme “Literacy For Skills Development?

It could mean anything from connecting students to what is being taught through jargon and other resources to handling digital devices. The motive is to prep the individuals to develop basic skills demanded by every job in the present world.

Blending in Technology

Here are a Few Apps that might help Brighten the literacy day


This app has a fun literacy game where in you are required to find word clues. This app helps enhance a kids observation while helping them learn new words and also helps them understand sentence structure.

Playtales Gold! Kids’ Books

A compendium of virtual story books for kids. Playtales is designed to encourage kids to learn new vocabulary, numbers, pronunciation, spellings and lot more.

Mad Libs

The name justifies the crux of the app. You can pick crazy word choices, feed it into the app and create fun stories. This will feed the creative bug and also keep the vocabulary alive


The app has a large collection of bestsellers, new generation authors and even audio books. This literacy day you can add a few good reads to your personal library.

Kids Learn to Read Lite 

This is a wholesome app and entertaining  for kids. Children can learn new things and ideas in a fun way.


The UNESCO figures state that 774 million adults are still devoid of basic literacy. One in five adult fails to comply to the basic terms of literacy and two-thirds of the population are women.

The success lies in the drop in these figures to the extent that in years to come, the day shall only be celebrated to commemorate the efforts taken around the world to end one big suffering of humanity.

Also Read : 30 Stephan Hawking Quotes to Live by

Imagine being bound to a wheelchair knowing you will never get up from there, all at the mercy of carers and the only thing that works is your mind.

Where people usually resort to grief, objection or even self destruction in case of petty failures, Stephen Hawking decided to channelize his major biological defeat into the wild horizons of the cosmos.

With the body continually falling to the gravity of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(ALS) and the moments of life being sucked into the black hole of complications, all he had was the power of his thoughts and an unparalleled drive to find his way to the beginning of time itself.

And he did. Not just that but a lot more.

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Let’s have a look at how the man with least abilities, went on to become a man with most achievements.


  1. One of his greatest achievements was his life itself How he grappled a fatal form of ALS to live 55 years when medical facts had only predicted a 3 year life span post diagnosis.


  1. Hawking Radiations – Stephen Hawking proved that given the Quantum nature of particles, it cannot be said that the black hole traps everything. They emit radiations and particles. This emission can possibly continue until the black hole evaporates. These radiations became known as Hawking Radiations.


  1. Creation of the universe – Applying the concepts of Quantum physics and general relativity he proved that the Universe was created due to the explosion of singularity trapped in an infinetly small space and that no creator was involved in the process. This theory was widely accepted and also helped scrutinize the behaviour of black holes and furthermore the nature of the universe.


  1. An international Best seller– The most complicated concepts of physics are served to the readers with utmost clarity and lucidity in his Book “A Brief History of Time”. The book sold out over 10 million copies and was translated to 40 languages. The media called him, The Master of Universe.


In addition he published several other books which did gain a lot of attention. Black Holes and Baby Universes and other essays (1993), The Universe in a Nutshell(2001), On the shoulder of the Giants (2002) and God created the integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs that changes History (2005)

  1. Singularity– With the aid of English mathematician and physicist Roger Penrose, Hawking proved that the universe was a infinitely small seed of singularity which exploded to become the vastness that it is today.

A gravitational singularity is boundless energy and mass trapped inside an infinitely small space, within which the forces and laws of physics cease to behave normal as everything becomes a function of infinity.

  1. Mechanics of Black Holes – Alongside James Bardeen and Brandon Carter Hawking discovered the four laws of black hole mechanics. These laws comprehend the behavior of the physical properties of the Black holes like mass, charge, entropy, surface area etc. these laws are analogous to the Laws of Thermodynamics.


  1. Cosmic Inflation –Cosmic inflation was a theory proposed by Alan Guth in 1980 which proposed the exponential expansion of the universe following the big bang and later settled to a slower expansion. Hawking calculated Quantum fluctuations resulting from cosmic inflation to demonstrate how they are capable of giving rise to spread of galaxies in the universe.


  1. The time when there was no time – In 1983 Alongside James Hartle, Stephen Hawking suggested a model of the formation of universe where in he concluded from the behavior of particles as per Quantum physics that time did not exist before the genesis of the universe.


  1. Top-down cosmology – The universe according to Stephen Hawking’s theory of top-down cosmology(2006) had not just one but many possible initial conditions. Thomas Hertog who was a co-researcher in this study had a strong argument to believe that.

In the words of Hertog – “Quantum mechanics forbids a single theory”. Both Hawking and Hertog, believed that the concept of innumerable alternate worlds as put forward in famous string theory has strong grounds.


  1. Zero G Flight – The then 65 year old man with ALS, glued to a wheelchair, had a lifelong dream of breaking free from the confinement. And owing to the efforts of serial entrepreneur Peter Diamandis Hawking did experience a freedom like never before. On April 26, 2007, Diamandis’ Zero G team successfully executed Hawking’s zero gravity flight.

Hawking’s spirit to go ahead with the adventure inspite of the risks posed, blazed a trail many others.

He believed his physical disability had only freed his mind to explore the deepest secrets of the Universe.

Studying the truths of universe to him was more of a thrill rather than a motivation to win recognition and medals.

He once said “I don’t think the human beings have the moral obligation to learn about space. But it would be foolish and shortsighted not to do so. It may hold the key to our survival.”

He spent his entire life diving deep into mysteries of cosmology, poaching innumerable gems and romanticizing the concept of our existence.

As long as he lived, he marveled over the grand design of the universe. And now as the star scientist finds his way to the end of his time all we are left with is the knowledge he gave us, with a hope that the legacy of extrapolation and invention will continue until time is.

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The mind with the power of singularity has unlocked many mysterious phenomenon of the universe including singularity itself. The legendary physicist Stephen Hawking gave the world a new perception of looking at the cosmos.

He was the man who challenged the work of many scientists and philosophers and also went on to prove that “the universe created itself”.

Furthermore, the black hole theorist extrapolated the work of many physicists making ground breaking discoveries.

Through his books he not only spread his knowledge to the scientific world but also made the insights accessible to general folks with a lesser scientific understanding.

Here we bring to you 10 popular books written by Stephen Hawking, that made him the most appealing physicist of all times.

  1. A Brief History of Time – First published in 1988 this book covers the basic concepts of space and time, the building blocks of the universe and the fundamental forces that govern the universe in the most extra ordinary way possible.

10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

  1. The Grand Design – This book explores the theories of various physicists and philosophers over the period of time, comprehending their insights on mysterious cosmological phenomenon and how it rules out the role of a creator in the Grand design of the universe.

10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

  1. The Universe in a Nutshell – It is his attempt to unify Einstein’s general theory of relativity and Richard Feynmann’s idea of multiple histories to decode the mysteries of the universe. The book speaks about the cutting edge of conceptual physics including the ever disputed contemporary concepts like Black holes, time travel extra dimension, quantum space time, string theory etc.

10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

  1. A Briefer History of Time  – This is a simplified rendition of Stephen Hawking’s 1988 publication ‘A Brief History of Time” . It encompasses quantum mechanics, string theory and the Big bang theory in a manner comprehensible to laymen. The book is a co-authored by American Physicist Leonard Mlodinow

10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

  1. Black Holes and Baby Universes –The 1993 publication is mainly a compendium of lectures and thesis on the black hole thermodynamics, general relativity, quantum mechanics and so on. In addition the book briefly contemplates his life post the diagnosis of his illness.

10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

  1. The Theory of Everything: The Origin and Fate of the Universe 

Through This book Hawking tries to explain how all physical aspects of the universe are linked to one another unifying all the fundamental interactions of nature. Quantum mechanics, relativity, thermodynamics, the big bang and black holes are the major highlights of the book.
10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

  1. My Brief History  This is an account of Stephen Hawking himself on how his life and intellect progressed along with the fatal condition of his illness.

10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

8. The Nature of Space and Time  –A scripted account of an argument between Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking where in they debate about physics and the philosophy of physics.
10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

  1. On the shoulder of the Giants – As the title suggests it is an obvious compilation of scientific literature written by the giants in the league down the line of history and adorned with Stephen Hawking’s personal interpretation of these existing theories.

10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times

  1. Black Holes: The Reith Lectures– The thing that intrigued the cosmos genius the most for all his life also took a form of a book. This is basically the collection of Stephen Hawking’s lectures arguing that deciphering the very mystery of black holes and their interaction with space and time could resolve mysteries of the bewildering universe

10 Most Popular Stephan Hawking Books of All Times
His books are a testimonial to the fact that he viewed every aspect of life through the lens of physics and they are also the best way to experience the magnificence of his imagination.

His work not just enlightened the scientists and cosmology enthusiasts round the globe but also the general public.

Be it the Black holes of the universe or of the ones in his own life, he never let the perplexity of any unexplained phenomenon corrupt his zeal to keep going.

In the words of the man himself – “However difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do, and succeed at. It matters that you don’t just give up.”